Image for Religion Provisions in World Constitutions

Religion Provisions in World Constitutions is a spreadsheet created by Julie Slater (BYU Law 2012) and current through summer 2010, which tracks provisions in the constitutions of the world according to the following scheme:

Religion and Politics

  • Religion and Politics/Government
  • Religion and Education
  • Religion
... more

Most modern constitutions have provisions affirming the right to freedom of religion or belief. This right is recognized in the overwhelming majority of the world’s constitutions, including virtually every European constitution and the constitution of every independent country in the Western Hemisphere: ... more

Image for European Court of Human Rights Research Aids

The website of the European Court of Human Rights provides numerous aids to researching Court opinions.  Fundamental is the HUDOC search portal, the gateway to finding all documents available from the Court, including decisions and judgments from the case-law database, communicated cases, case-law information notes, and press releases.

Click here for quick access to valuable ECtHR research links.

Image for Church Autonomy: A Comparative Perspective (Gerhard Robbers, 2001)

Church Autonomy: A Comparative Perspective 
Gerhard Robbers, Editor (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2001)

All chapters of this useful resource are individually reproduced below, with the kind permission of the author... more

Image for Research Aids from BYU Law Library Senior Librarian, Dennis Sears

Sources made available by Dennis S. Sears, Senior Law Librarian
Howard W. Hunter Law Library, J. Reuben Clark Law School

Foreign Legal Research (2016)
Introduction to the UN (2017) 
UN Sources (2017)

  • The Comprehensive Bibliography prepared by the Section on Law and Religion of the American Association of Law Schools and published in the Section's December 2014 Newsletter is available in slightly edited form here: docx and pdf formats.
  • The AALS Section on Law and Religion Comprehensive Bibliography for 2013 is available in the Section's December 2013 Newsletter.
  • The AALS Section on Law and Religion Comprehensive Bibliography for 2012 is available in the Section's December 2012 Newsletter.
Image for Association of Religion Data Archives (the ARDA)

The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) is a collection of surveys, polls, and other data  submitted by the foremost religion scholars and research centers in the world.  ARDA includes American and international collections, with features for educators, journalists, religious congregations, and researchers. 

Image for Basic Religion and Human Rights Documents (Stahnke & Martin, 1998)

The Religion and Law Research Consortium gratefully acknowledges permission to make the contents of Religion and Human Rights: Basic Documents (Tad A. Stahnke and Martin, Center for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia University, 1998) available online (click) here. The book is an extremely useful compendium of major international documents dealing with freedom of religion or belief. A hard copy version can be obtained for $15 plus shipping, here.

Documents provided here are in English only. 

I.  Resolutions on "Combating Defamation of Religions"

Commission on Human Rights resolution 1999/23   
Commission on Human Rights resolution 2000/84  
Commission on Human Rights resolution 2001/4     
Commission on Human Rights resolution 2002/9     
Commission on Human Rights resolution 2003/4     
Commission on Human Rights resolution 2004/6     
Commission on Human Rights resolution 2005/3     
General Assembly resolution 60/150                       
Human Rights Council decision 1/107*                   
General Assembly resolution 61/164                      
Human Rights Council resolution 4/9                      
General Assembly resolution 62/154                      
Human Rights Council resolution 7/19                    
General Assembly resolution 63/171                      
Human Rights Council resolution 10/22                  
General Assembly resolution 64/156                      
General Assembly resolution 65/224                       
Human Rights Council resolution 16/18**                     
Human Rights Council resolution 19/...**
General Assembly resolution 66/167**                  
Human Rights Council resolution 22/...** 
General Assembly resolution 67/178**
General Assembly resolution 68/169**
Human Rights Council resolution 23/34**                  

– E/CN.4/1999/167  
– E/CN.4/RES/2000/84  
– E/CN.4/RES/2001/4  
– E/CN.4/RES/2002/9  
– E/CN.4/RES/2003/4  
– E/CN.4/RES/2004/6  
– E/CN.4/RES/2005/3  
– A/RES/60/150          
– A/HRC/DEC/1/107    
– A/RES/61/164          
– A/HRC/RES/4/9        
– A/RES/62/154          
– A/HRC/RES/7/19      
– A/RES/63/171          
– A/HRC/RES/10/22    
– A/RES/64/156          
– A/RES/65/224          
– A/HRC/RES/16/18     
– A/HRC/RES/19/L.7
– A/RES/66/167  
– A/HRC/22/L/40
– A/RES/67/178
– A/RES/68/169
– A/HRC/RES/25/34           

(22 March-30 April 1999)
(26 April 2000)
(18 April 2001)
(15 April 2002)
(14 April 2003)
(13 April 2004)
(12 April 2005)
(20 January 2006)
(30 June 2006)
(21 February 2007)
(30 March 2007)
(6 March 2008)
(27 March 2008)
(24 March 2009)
(26 March 2009)
(8 March 2010)
(11 April 2011)
(12 April 2011)
(16 March 2012)
(27 March 2012)
(18 March 2013)
(28 March 2013)
(16 January 2014) 
(15 April 2014) 

*A/HRC/DEC/1/107 is entitled "Incitement to racial and religious hatred and the promotion of tolerance"
**Entitled "Combating intolerance, negative stereotyping and stigmatization of, and discrimination, incitement to violence and violence against, persons based on religion or belief"                    

II.  Pertinent UN reports (with date of publication)

1.  High Commissioner for Human Rights

E/CN.4/2003/17 (27 January 2003)
E/CN.4/2004/16 (19 February 2004)
E/CN.4/2005/15 (9 February 2005)
E/CN.4/2006/12 (6 February 2006)
A/HRC/2/6 (20 September 2006)
A/HRC/4/50 (1 March 2007)
A/HRC/6/4 (4 September 2007)
A/HRC/9/7 (12 September 2008)
A/HRC/9/25 (5 September 2008)
A/HRC/10/31/Add.3 (16 January 2009; expert seminar on incitement to religious hatred)
A/HRC/12/39 (8 July 2009)
– A/HRC/13/26 (18 December 2009)
A/HRC/13/57 (11 January 2010)
A/HRC/13/58 (21 January 2010; ad hoc Committee on complementary standards)
A/HRC/13/CRP.1 (17 February 2010; ad hoc Committee on complementary standards)

2. Secretary-General

A/61/325 (12 September 2006)
A/62/288 (29 August 2007)
A/63/365 (21 October 2008)
A/64/209 (31 July 2009)

3. Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

E/CN.4/2003/23 (3 January 2003)
E/CN.4/2005/18/Add.4 (13 December 2004)
E/CN.4/2005/19 (23 December 2004)
E/CN.4/2006/17 (13 February 2006)
A/HRC/2/3 (20 September 2006)
A/HRC/4/19, paras. 32-41 (12 January 2007)
A/HRC/6/6 (21 August 2007)
A/62/306, paras. 41-42 (24 August 2007)
A/HRC/7/19, paras. 54-61 (20 February 2008)
A/HRC/9/12 (2 September 2008)
A/HRC/12/38 (1 July 2009)
A/HRC/14/43 (12 July 2010) 

4. Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief

A/54/386, paras. 101-119 (23 September 1999)
E/CN.4/2000/65, paras. 109-111 (15 February 2000)
A/55/280, paras. 85-97 (8 September 2000)
A/56/253, paras. 135-139 (31 July 2001)
A/HRC/2/3 (20 September 2006)
A/HRC/6/5, paras. 38-39 (20 July 2007)
A/62/280, paras. 70-77 (20 August 2007)
A/HRC/13/40 (21 December 2009)
A/HRC/16/53 (15 December 2010)

5. Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right of freedom of opinion and expression

A/HRC/4/27, paras. 22-37 and 72-78 (2 January 2007)
A/HRC/7/14, paras. 63-66 and 84-85 (28 February 2008)
A/HRC/11/4, para. 24 (30 April 2009)
A/HRC/14/23, paras. 6, 27, 64, 79-87, 116 (20 April 2010)

6. General Assembly: Third Committee

Report of the Third Committee – A/64/439/Add.2 (Part II) (7 December 2009)
Report of the Third Committee – A/65/456/Add.2 (Part II) (8 December 2010)

7. ICCPR, Article 19: Freedoms of opinion and expression

Human Rights Committee 102nd session – General comment No. 34 (CCPR/C/GC/34)*  (12 September 2011)
* This general comment replaces general comment No. 10 (19th session)
Image for The INSTITUTE on Religion & Public Policy

Links to "works that are important to our work at THE INSTITUTE, provided for easy reference to our fellow fighters for religious liberty."

Documents Critical to Religious Freedom

Image for OSCE/ODIHR

Some useful links for conducting research related to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) are available here.  Religlaw content is available here.

Image for US State Department Religious Freedom and Human Rights Reports

[—> Download Spreadsheet Organized by Country]

The Annual Report to Congress on International Religious Freedom describes the status of religious freedom in each foreign country, government policies violating religious belief and practices of groups, religious denominations, and individuals, and U.S. policies to promote religious freedom around the world. It is submitted in compliance with the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998.

[—> Download Spreadsheet Organized by Country]

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices are submitted annually by the U.S. Department of State to the U.S. Congress in compliance with sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (FAA), as amended, and section 504 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended. The law provides that the Secretary of State shall transmit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, "a full and complete report regarding the status of internationally recognized human rights, within the meaning of subsection (A) in countries that receive assistance under this part, and (B) in all other foreign countries which are members of the United Nations and which are not otherwise the subject of a human rights report under this Act." Reports on several countries are included that do not fall into the categories established by these statutes and that thus are not covered by the congressional requirement.

NOTE: As of 2012 (covering the year 2011), the Human Rights Reports no longer treat Religious Freedom issues.

The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Image for UPR Info (Information about UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review)

UPR Info is a non-profit and non-governmental organisation (NGO) based in Geneva, Switzerland that aims at both raising awareness and providing capacity-building tools to the different actors of the Universal Period Review (UPR) process, such as United... more