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Citation to Religious Freedom Provisions of Modern Constitutions (January 2013)

Most modern constitutions have provisions affirming the right to freedom of religion or belief. This right is recognized in the overwhelming majority of the world’s constitutions, including virtually every European constitution and the constitution of every independent country in the Western Hemisphere: 

Afghanistan art. 2
Albania art. 24
Algeria art. 36
Andorra art. 11
Angola art. 45
Antigua & Barbuda arts 3, 11
Argentina § 14, § 20
Armenia art. 26
Australia Act §116
Austria art. 7
Azerbaijan art. 48
Bahamas arts. 15 cl. 2, 22
Bahrain art. 22
Bangladesh arts. 39, 41
Barbados arts. 11, 19
Belarus art. 31
Belgium art. 19
Belize arts. 3 cl. 2, 11
Benin art. 23
Bhutan art. 7 cl. 4
Bolivia arts. 4, 21
Bosnia&Herzegovina art. 2.3g
Botswana arts. 3, 11
Brazil art. 5
Brunei Darussalam art. 3 cl.1
Bulgaria arts. 13 cl. 1,  37
Burkina Faso art. 7
Burundi art. 31
Cambodia art. 43
Cameroon preamble
Canada Act, Part 1, § 2a
Cape Verde arts. 28
Central African Repub. art. 8
Chad art. 27
Chile art. 19 cl. 6
PR China art. 36
Republic of China art. 13
Colombia art. 2
Congo art. 18
DR Congo art. 22
Cook Islands arts. 64 cl. 1d
Costa Rica art. 75
Cote d’Ivoire art. 9
Croatia art. 40
Cuba arts. 8, 55
Cyprus art. 18
Czech Republic Charter arts. 15 cl. 1, 16 c. 1
Denmark §§ 70, 71 cl. 1
Dijbouti art. 11

Dominica art. 9
Dominican Republic art. 45
East Timor art. 45

Ecuador art. 66
Egypt art. 46
El Salvador art. 25
Equatorial Guinea art. 13
Eritrea art. 19
Estonia arts. 40, 41
Ethiopia art. 27
Fiji art. 35
Finland § 11
France art. 1
Gabon art. 1, cl. 2
The Gambia §§ 25, 32
Georgia art. 9, 19
Germany Basic Law arts. 4, 140
Ghana art. 21 cl. 1
Greece art. 13
Grenada Order arts. 1 cl. 1, 9
Guatemala art. 36
Guinea arts. 7, 14
Guinea-Bissau art. 6 cl. 2
Guyana arts. 40 cl. 1, 145
Haiti art. 30
Honduras art. 77
Hong Kong Basic Law arts. 11, 32; Bill of Rights art. 15
Hungary Art. 60
Iceland art. 63
India art. 25
Indonesia arts. 28E, 29, 281 cl. 1
Iraq arts. 2 cl. 2, 39, 40
Ireland art. 44
Israel Palestine Order in Council art. 83
Italy art. 19
Jamaica arts. 13, 21
Japan art. 20
Jordan art. 14
Kazakhstan art. 22 cl. 1
Kenya arts. 70, 78
Kiribati Art. 11
North Korea art. 68
South Korea arts. 19, 20, cl. 1
Kuwait art. 35
Kyrgyzstan art. 14, cl. 5
Laos art. 30 

Latvia art. 99
Lebanon art. 9
Lesotho arts. 4 cl.1, 13
Liberia art. 14
Libya art. 2
Liechtenstein art. 37
Lithuania art. 26
Luxembourg art. 19
Macedonia arts. 16, 19

Madagascar art. 10
Malawi art. 33
Malaysia art. 11
Mali art. 4
Malta § 32b, § 40 cl. 1
Marshall Islands art. 2, §1
Mauritius arts. 3, 11 cl.1
Mexico art. 24
Micronesia art. 4, § 2
Moldova art. 31
Monaco art. 23
Mongolia arts. 16 cl. 15
Montenegro art. 46
Morocco art. 6
Mozambique art. 54
Myanmar arts. 34, 354
Namibia art. 21
Nauru art. 11
Nepal arts. 3, 23 cl. 1
Netherlands arts. 6
New Zealand Bill of Rights Act § 13
Nicaragua art. 29
Niger art. 26
Nigeria art. 38, cl. 1
Norway art. 2
Oman Basic Law art. 28
Pakistan art. 20
Palau art. 4 § 1
Panama art. 35
Papua New Guinea art. 45
Paraguay art. 24
Peru art. 2
Philippines art. 3 § 5

Poland art. 53
Portugal art. 41
Qatar art. 50
Romania art. 29
Russia art. 28
Rwanda art. 33

St. Kitts & Nevis art. 11
St. Lucia art. 9
St.Vincent&Grenadines art. 9
Western Samoa art. 11
San Marino art. 6
Sao Tome & Principe art. 27
Senegal art. 8
Serbia art. 43
Seychelles art. 21
Sierra Leone arts.15, 24 cl. 1 
Singapore art. 15

Slovakia art. 24
Slovenia art. 41
Solomon Islands art. 11
Somalia art. 31
South Africa arts. 15 cl.1, 31
Spain art. 16
Sri Lankaarts. 10, 14cl. 1, 15
Sudan art. 38
Suriname art. 18
Swaziland arts. 14, 23
Sweden Instrument of Gov. ch. 2 art. 1 cl. 6
Switzerland art. 15
Syria art. 35
Taiwan art. 13
Tajikistan art. 26
Tanzania art. 19 cl.1
Thailand §37
Tibet art. 10
Togo art. 25
Tonga art. 5
Trinidad and Tobago §4h
Tunisia art. 5
Turkey art. 24
Turkmenistan art. 12
Tuvalu arts. 11, 23, 29
Uganda arts. 29, 37
Ukraine art. 35
United Arab Emirates art. 32
United Kingdom HRAct art.13
United States amend. 1
Uruguay art. 5
Uzbekistan art. 31
Vanuatu art. 5 cl. 1f
Venezuela art. 59
Vietnam art. 70
Zambia pmbl., art. 19
Zimbabwe arts. 11, 19